Get to know "Hepatitis C", the danger of blood-sexual contact.


  22 มิถุนายน 2021
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Many people may only know about hepatitis B, but there is actually hepatitis C. There is no vaccine against hepatitis B. and can be transmitted through blood and sexual intercourse

What is hepatitis C?
Hepatitis C It is one of the top killers in the world, with more than 150 million people infected worldwide, with an average infection rate in Thailand about 1% of the population, but in some provinces of the country there may be an infection rate. much higher than this

hepatitis C caused by infection with hepatitis C virus It can be transmitted through blood or sexual contact similar to hepatitis B. In which the hepatitis C virus enters the body, it divides and resides in the liver. The first stage causes acute hepatitis. Most of the patients are asymptomatic so the recipient doesn't know they have the infection. You will know only when you go to a blood test and find abnormal liver function values. or donating blood and found to be infected with hepatitis C

Hepatitis C virus risk group
Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily through blood or sexual contact for a number of reasons. Therefore, the risk groups are

People with a history of receiving blood before 1991
Have a history of injecting drugs into the veins
have a history of tattooing drilling with unclean tools
have a history of injecting drugs
chronic renal disease patients treated with dialysis
have multiple sex partners
Can be infected with HIV infection with an infection rate in this group of patients as high as 8-10%.
Symptoms of hepatitis C
manifestable symptoms There may be the following

have a fever
exhaustion from inflammation of the liver
yellow body yellow eyes
dark urine
weight loss
In general, about 70-80% of people with acute infections go into the chronic stage because the virus cannot be eliminated from the body. which if for a long time slot For years there may be chronic hepatitis. causing fibrosis or scarring in the liver leading to cirrhosis and the chance of liver cancer in the end It is important to know that hepatitis C is infected. Only laboratory methods must be used to know.

diagnostic guidelines and treat hepatitis C virus
An initial screening test that indicates the presence of an infection in the body. is the anti-HCV test (Anti-HCV). If positive, it means that you have been infected with the virus before. However, it cannot distinguish whether the virus has been infected in the body or has been cured. In addition, anti-HCV can also give false positive results. Therefore, when the anti-HCV test gives a positive result, it must be confirmed. whether there is a real infection by PCR (HCV RNA) blood viral load test (PCR). It is recommended to repeat the test in 3-6 months. The viral load test may take 3-14 days for laboratory results, then your doctor can plan a treatment. The viral load is also used to monitor treatment to assess whether it is cured or not.